Definitions of Words and Phrases used in the History Pages of this Website

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Word or Phrase Definition
Advowson The entitlement to present or nominate a candidate to the position of incumbent to a vacant benefice.
Benefice An ecclesiastical office usually in the form of a clergyman in receipt of an income for the purpose of implementing the duties of a church. The occupant of a benefice is often referred to as the incumbent.
Cartulary or Chartulary The title deeds of a church or abbey. A register of ecclesiastical charters.
Curate A clergyman who is assistant to a vicar or rector of a church.
Hundred A number of townships, usually from 100 to 120, grouped together formed a Hundred. The Township of Boulton was within the Hundred of Morleston and Litchurch. See also Shire and Township.
Incumbent See under benefice.
Layman A person who is not a clergyman. A person not in receipt of holy orders.  
Living The office of a clergyman provided with an income.
Manor The house and land belonging to the Lord of the Manor. Sir V. Harpur Crewe Bart. was Lord of the Manor of Boulton in 1895. The title still exists but no longer includes ownership of land.
Perpetual Curate A minister of a church whose remuneration is in the form of a salary or stipend. The incumbent of Boulton was made a Perpetual Curate in 1730 whereas prior to this date the incumbent was generally referred to as a Chaplain.
Queen Anne's Bounty A perpetual fund instituted by charter in 1704 in the reign of Queen Anne to provide a supplementary income for the clergy of poorer churches and chapelrys. The administration of the fund passed into the hands of the Church Commissioners in 1948. Boulton was a beneficiary of this fund in the year 1730 when the sum of 200 was awarded to augment the income of the incumbent. This would have been highly beneficial to Boulton which had been deprived of its chaplain's house and income from tithes when the land supporting these was confiscated and sold by the Crown in most dubious circumstances to two laymen, Reeve and Cotton, in the year 1553.
Rector (or Parson) The incumbent of a parish church in direct receipt of an income provided by rent from land usually referred to as tithes.
Shire The Shire was a geographical region embracing a number of hundreds. Each shire had a requirement to raise a number of men to form a militia for national defence.
Tithe Income in the form of money or produce paid to a church for the support and upkeep of the incumbent. The tithes would have been paid by the occupants of the land owned by the Lord of the Manor who would have endowed the Church with the tithes.
Township Township is often used in historical documents and is another word for a village. It is a group of homesteads or farms on which the  inhabitants obtain their principal living from the produce of the land. They would have been expected to pay tithes to the Church from profits made from working the land. See also Hundred.
Vicar The incumbent of a parish church in receipt of an income provided by a stipend or salary. The title Vicar was sometimes used as an alternative to Perpetual Curate.

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Page last updated 13 September 2003